Creationism was ruled to be "unscientific" by Judge Overton in the recent Arkansas Creation-Evolution trial precisely because it "involves Divine intervention." Evolutionists are not about to open evolutionism to the same criticism, though some evolutionists tolerate "theistic evolution" as a sop for those who they see as too weak to entirely abandon their belief in the supernatural. But what do leading evolutionists really think about the role of God in evolution?
Dr. Carl Sagan, perhaps the single most important voice of evolutionism, confidently claimed in his book COSMOS (p. 177) "the world was not made by the gods, but instead was the work of material forces interacting in nature." Sagan's former teacher, the famous evolutionary astronomer Harlow Shapely, once said "Some piously record, 'In the beginning God', but I say, 'In the beginning hydrogen'."
The famous Harvard evolutionist Dr. Steven J. Gould insists in his book EVER SINCE DARWIN, that "Matter is the ground of all existence; mind, spirit, and God as well, are just words that express the wondrous results of neuronal (brain cell) complexity." The distinguished evolutionist Dr. George Gaylord Simpson in his book THE MEANING OF EVOLUTION (951 P.135) claimed that "There is neither need nor excuse for postulation of nonmaterial intervention in the origin of life, the rise of man or any other part of the material cosmos."
In like manner, Sir Julian Huxley explained that "in the evolutionary pattern of thought there is no longer either need or room for the supernatural. The earth was not created; it evolved. So did all the animals and plants that inhabit it, in cluding our human selves mind, and soul as well" (EVOLUTION AFTER DARWIN, 1960, p.252). And finally, what did Charles Darwin himself believe about the role of God in evolution?
Darwin expert Neal Gillespie, in his book CHARLES DARWIN AND THE PROBLEM OF CREATION (1974, p. 141), said that "Darwin clearly rejected Christianity and virtually all conventional arguments in defense of the existence of God and human immortality." In his own autobiography, Darwin admitted that his evolutionary beliefs gradually made the Bible unbelievable to him and said "Thus disbelief crept over me at a very slow rate, but was at last complete. The rate was so slow that I felt no distress, and have never since doubted even for a single second that my conclusion was correct. I can indeed hardly see how anyone ought to wish Christianity to be true."
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